A typical dental check up includes complete extra oral and intra oral examination, evaluation of medical history, past dental history and x-rays. This helps the dentist to diagnose and make recommendations best suited for you. This is generally followed by a visit with the hygienist for cleaning, polishing, gum probing and oral hygiene instructions.
Periodontal Probing is measuring of the depth to which a probe can travel between the tooth and gum, an indicator of your gum health. The hygienist uses a periodontal probe to measure the depth of gum pockets and compare the new measurements to previous measurements to see if the pockets are getting deeper. If periodontal disease has already progressed, x-rays are used to see and compare with the previous ones to make a diagnosis.